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Bone Grafting

Periodontal disease is the leading cause of bone loss in the oral cavity, though there are others such as ill-fitting dentures and facial trauma.  The bone grafting procedure is an excellent way to replace lost bone tissue and encourage natural bone growth.  Bone grafting is a versatile and predictable procedure which fulfills a wide variety of functions.

A bone graft may be required to create a stable base for dental implant placement, to halt the progression of gum disease, or to make the smile appear more aesthetically pleasing.

There are several types of dental bone grafts.  The following are the most common:

  • Autogenous bone graft – Patient's own bone removed from wisdom teeth area.

  • Allograft – Cadaver bone.

Reasons for bone grafting

There are a wide variety of reasons why bone grafting may be the best option for restoring the jaw bone.

Dental implants – Implants are the preferred replacement method for missing teeth because they restore full functionality to the mouth; however, implants need to be firmly anchored to the jawbone to be effective.  If the jawbone lacks the necessary quality or quantity of bone, bone grafting can strengthen and thicken the implant site.

Sinus lift – A sinus lift entails elevating the sinus membrane and grafting bone onto the sinus floor so that implants can be securely placed.

Ridge augmentation – Ridges in the bone can occur due to trauma, injury, birth defects, or severe periodontal disease.  The bone graft is used to fill in the ridge and make the jawbone a uniform shape.


What does bone grafting treatment involve?

Bone grafting is a fairly simple procedure that can be performed under local anesthetic.

Initially, the grafting material needs to either be harvested or prepared for insertion.  A small incision is made in the gum tissue and then gently separated from the bone.  The bone grafting material is then placed at the affected site.

The bone regeneration process may be aided by:

  • Gum/bone tissue regeneration – A thin barrier (membrane) is placed below the gum line over the grafting material.  This barrier creates enough space for healthy tissue to grow and separates the faster growing gum tissue from the slower growing fibers.  This means that bone cells can migrate to the protected area and grow naturally.

  • Tissue stimulating proteins – Enamel matrix proteins occur during natural tooth development.  Emdogain is a matrix protein product which is usually placed on the affected site before the gum is sutured.  It mediates the formation of accellular cementum on the tooth which provides a foundation to allow periodontal attachment to occur.  Tissue stimulating proteins help create lost support in areas affected by periodontal defects.
  • Platelet-rich growth factors – A high platelet concentration liquid can be used to create a blood clot at the site of a wound.  It has recently been discovered that PRGF also stimulates bone growth – meaning a denser graft in a shorter time period.

The gum is sutured in place and a follow-up appointment will need to be made within 10 days to assess progress.  Bone grafting is a highly successful treatment and a good base for further periodontal restorations.

If you have any questions about bone grafting, please ask your dentist.

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I had a really bad experience with a dentist a long time ago.... But Dr. Chon changed all that! I only have two words of my experience with Dr. Chon...."THE BOMB".

Jonathon Lopez

Quite simply, Dr. Chon is the BEST! He keeps my teeth healthy and beautiful. I've been a patient for over 10 years and I actually look forward to my office visits. He stays up with the latest dental technology, is caring and fun, and is extremely competent.

I recently had a dental problem and his office staff worked me into the schedule immediately. Not only did Dr. Chon diagnose my problem quickly but took the time to explain exactly what to do to relieve my discomfort. Dr. Chon's wonderful office staff is warm, friendly, and professional. If you're looking for a great dentist, I would highly recommend him.

Anita Miller

I never thought in a million years I would be writing a 5-star review for any dentist, but alas here I am. I had such a (literally) painful experience at my old dentist (out of state) that I would have extreme anxiety at the thought of even going to the dentist.

Dr Chon absolutely blew me away right out of the gate with how patient and caring he was. Both him and his wife were aware of my situation and did everything they could to make sure I was comfortable. For someone (like myself) who is terrified of the dentist, I was told the worst news in the world.... That I needed a root canal. I was literally brought to tears, but Dr. Chon assured me it would be okay and that I wouldn't experience any pain. Seeing in the past I got fairly extreme pain during fillings, I was in disbelief. I will never doubt Dr. Chon again. I went through the whole root canal process with NO PAIN. It would be an understatement saying that Dr. Chon has gone above and beyond for me. From wiping away my tears to letting me use his phone to listen to Pandora, he is definitely the best... I will never go anywhere else. Thank you soo much!!!

Jennifer T.

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